considered the UK remittance population and the capacity of the UK remittance operators, regulated as money services businesses, to promote financial inclusion within the. Consequently they became a source of international concern in light of the new models of terrorism that emerged which have since warranted a review of national and international counter terrorist strategies. In the climate of insecurity post 9/11states sought to limit the operational capacity of terrorist groups by restricting their access to funds. This work has drawn on the findings from the research fieldwork to conclude as to whether the regulatory framework has been effective in controlling the risks of misuse for terrorism associated with traditional hawala, in relation to money services businesses in the UK context. Text, karen Cooper student id School thesis for the crucible of law PhD 2014.pdf - Final eThesis - complete (pdf). This work has sought to investigate the historical origins and model of operation of traditional Hawala, considering the risks these system pose for assisting terrorist financing. Cooper, Karen Anne (2014 a critical examination of the anti-money laundering legislative framework for the prevention of terrorist finance with particular reference to the regulation of alternative remittance systems in the. Restricted until 1 September 2019. This investigated the views of money service business operators and regulators as to the effectiveness of the Money Laundering Regulations 2007 for preventing terrorist finance. Actions (repository staff only: login required).
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The central focus and originality of this work has been the critical review of the UK regulatory framework for terrorist finance relating to remittance services. Alternative remittance systems such as Hawala, were suspected to have been used to transfer the funds for use in the 9/11 attack. PhD thesis, University of Leeds. The work has concluded as to whether regulation in the UK context has effective for and normatively compliant in the regulation money service businesses in the. This framework has been presented as a driver to international action to address the international threat posed from terrorism in order to protect human rights and human security. This work has presented a critical review of the effectiveness of the regulatory framework for these businesses which was investigated through fieldwork research. Additionally this fieldwork research aimed to consider the impact of regulation on these businesses and the money service sector. This the sis provides an in-depth analysis of the international and local initiatives. Thesis critically examined the soundness and effectiveness of AML r egulation and. 1.2.2 Anti-money laundering regulation issues in financial. A critical examination of the anti-money laundering legislative fr amework for.